The investigation between the environment and human activity was also conducted to understand development and land use patterns and to assess the
sustainability and health of present communities.
The urban landscape of San Ysidro has three major freeways surrounding the community, creating air quality issues for residents and students nearby. The San Ysidro-Tijuana Point of Entry also proves to a major health hazard as it is a high traffic area of people and idling cars. The neighborhood of San Bernardo also experienced rapid development of homes and people without public infrastructure being put in place. The dirt roads can result in respiratory problems and safety concerns during rain washouts. Production and circulation of man-made waste also influences human activity; waste within the Los Laureles Canyon flows northward towards the San Diego Tijuana River Estuary and Imperial Beach.
Accessibility to healthcare is a main concern in both regions of Los Laureles and San Ysidro. In both areas, getting to the actual location is difficlt whether it is due to the distance or general lack of transportation. SIMNSA used as the main option as a "universal health care" policy makes more prominent the flaws of Seguro Popular and other more restricted policies. In addition, environmental health risks are triggered by human effects on the surrounding natural areas. Los Laureles is scattered with open gutters full of waste, unprotected dump site, and unpaved roads that lead to dust contamination and respiratory conditions. Poor air quality is a contributing factor that transcends the border.
As we look at education in San Ysidro, we will see many educational institutions (elementary and middle schools) and many of them lie within the borders of San Ysidro School District, except for that San Ysidro High School which lies outside. San Ysidro School District currently does not support any high school, in contrast to Sweetwaters School District, which supports San Ysidro High School and 13 other high schools. The addition of San Ysidro High School reflects the urbanization within the nearby residential area. In contrast, when looking at education in Tijuana, like that of Los Laureles, there are noticeable differences. In addition to the lack of educational institutions, there is a smaller retention rate of students during their years of primary and secondary education, as many of the students in Los Laureles are failing and often times dropping out from. Thus, there is less access to education within the Los Laureles Canyon, often leading many to enter the workforce at a young age, seeking employment at the maquiladoras and for local community projects. Education, and consequently employment, are closely related in empowering youth of San Ysidro and Los Laureles to become active leaders in their community.
SAFETYIn the communities of San Bernardo and San Ysidro, it is noted that there are issues of safety. In San Bernardo, there are open gutters located on the sidewalks that are dangerous for pedestrians. Furthermore, the gutters are filled with contaminated water that exposes people to health problems. As for San Ysidro, alleys that have been intended for walkways, have been isolated and known for crime activity. Casa Familiar has attempted to cover graffiti with murals on the fences, but other crime activities still take place.